According to the Center for Studies on Research in Development and Social Welfare (CEIDAS), and based on data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), in that period 85,343 people died from malnutrition, compared to 49,804 victims by organized crime. Which are the figures that show that deaths from hunger in the last decade are higher by 35,539 compared to those caused by the cartels.
In this regard, the director of CEIDAS, Mario Luis Fuentes, told Excelsior that “there are 12 million Mexicans who do not have enough income to buy basic food basket,” so that “if you do not die from malnutrition, die from diseases generated by it “.
In turn, the UNAM researcher Gustavo Gordillo, who was undersecretary of agriculture in the 90’s, said the problem is not lack of funds, but the “fragmentation” and incoordination of the three levels of government to implement programs social.
He also outlined the difficulties in food started with the reduction of farm subsidies and the drop in production in 1965.
Thus, extreme poverty and limited access to food should be served immediately, sources noted.
Hunger kills more than 35 000 violence
Mexico has faced the loss of 49,804 Mexicans between 2001 and 2010, who died in clashes between drug traffickers, according to data from the PGR and the Chamber of Deputies, but there is a reality that began more lives in the same period: malnutrition, as 85,343 Mexicans died from this cause in the same period, according to data from the Center for Studies and Research in Development and Social Welfare (CEIDAS) and the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI).
At home, the majority of violent deaths appear in the media, are visible, but the 85,343 deaths from malnutrition are barely visible. The phenomenon just jumped to the media with famine suffered by rarámuri in Chihuahua, but for experts is just the first symptom of a national emergency.
“There are 12 million Mexicans who do not have enough income to buy basic food basket,” said Excelsior Mario Luis Fuentes, director of CEIDAS: “If you do not die from malnutrition, die from the disease generated by it,” said the specialist, who also is a researcher and professor at the UNAM.
Extreme poverty and limited access to food is not a blip. It is already a reality in 339 municipalities said Fuentes, for whom this fact shows that “requires a thorough review of all social policy to create a proposal to generate equity. We need a new social covenant established guarantees that meet the rights of the people, “he said.
Sources said that hunger is not only from lack of food, carbohydrates and proteins, “It is also a lack of water means dirt floors, lack of drainage has to do with the care of the household heads, their ability to protect the most vulnerable children, “he said.
In contrast, although the war on drugs has brought an increase of deaths in the past, the figure still does not compare to the famine suffered by some municipalities.
Malnutrition and poverty
For Mario Luis Fuentes, the neglect of the field adds the fragmentation and lack of coordination of social policies. He also stressed that the federal government has no effective mechanism to force states and municipalities to realize what they do with the budget for social spending.
In addition to the crisis in the country and droughts linked to climate change, “there is impairment in social, generated by fragmentation of social programs, the state is responsible because it has the worst service in the places most vulnerable, with less coverage with poorer ability or quality.”
Sources said there was a huge inequality in the Mexican State: “The most in need, have the worst services. The problem today may be emblematic rarámuri in Chihuahua, but there are 339 municipalities where more than 50 percent of the population lives in poverty. We’re talking about people who live daily hunger, “he said. In these municipalities, the indigenous population is particularly affected, it is the people living in remote areas, reported worse with less access to basic services.
The investigator noted that the health INEGI figures state that on average each year die from malnutrition eight thousand Mexicans and from 2001 to 2010 it was 85 000 343 deaths by this factor.
Sources believed that federal officials believe that social policy is correct, that programs are having a real impact on the welfare of the population, although not quite true.