- Mapa donde se muestra las zonas de predominio principales del Cártel de Sinaloa. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The crisis of insecurity added, Sinaloa have a time bomb against the citizens they represent, the narco laboratories and chemicals used to manufacture synthetic drugs seized by the army and the Attorney General’s Office (PGR.)
According to military personnel and Quick System Company, hired by the PGR for moving and storing the seized substances, the number of laboratories dismantled in the federal entity and has exceeded the capacity of management and safeguarding of the precursors to manufacture drugs, they have been improvised storage centers that lack the backing of state Civil Protection.
2011 to date have been discovered 146 clandestine laboratories in Sinaloa, located in nine of the 18 municipalities of the state, according to figures from the Army.
To date, the Attorney General finds that 12 chefs from the narco-who are responsible for producing the synthetic drug, have been killed by poisoning.
Danger: Waste of narco
Investigate death of 12 “cooks” in 2011 and 2012 have been dismantled narcolaboratorios 146.
Sinaloa is a time bomb before an imminent collapse of thousands of gallons of highly toxic substances and pollutants that have been seized and kept in public facilities.
These components come from narcolaboratorios assurances which produced synthetic drugs.The lives of dozens of people at risk before the indifference of state and federal authority that has left the issue to chance; in contrast, the Army is the only authority in the state identifies and secures the substances and the “rudimentary factories “where they are produced synthetic drugs and crystal meth calls.
Currently, Sinaloa experiencing one of the worst crises in its history, not only by the extreme violence that killed daily by the fighting stops by constant rivalry of criminal drug cartels, but the emergence of criminal organizations narcolaboratorios installed and cause pollution in river beds, groundwater and the natural habitat of some species.
Elements of the Ninth Military Zone in 2011 achieved the destruction of 66 laboratories and 80 in 2012.
Employees at the Quick System, which was hired by the Attorney General’s Office (PGR) to transfer the toxic substances that are insured by the Army, require that their ability to transport chemicals is superseded by the size the problem.
They say they have stopped collecting the substances seized because their warehouses and the PGR are at maximum capacity and “no longer fit, we cannot go get what they say the military, we have nowhere to put it and the situation is serious because they are about to explode, “said one worker.
The army protects the narcolaboratorios he can find and soldiers often stay months in places nestled in the mountains of Sinaloa, maintaining perimeter security to prevent drug cartels back by the substances and drugs and waiting for the PGR do insurance.
The PGR, by Marisela Morales and the state government headed by Mario López Valdez, not only have committed acts of omission by leaving the lot and while chemicals seized, but to its own staff and the elements Army that is constantly exposed to highly polluting substances.
According to data provided by employees of the company, whose legal guardian and owner Alberto Borrael Bazúa is indicated that the PGR hired to transport the chemicals from the points where they are found the narcolaboratorios, but for lack of advice the Ministry of Environment (SEMARNAT) and the Federal Commission for Protection against Health Risks (Cofepris) substances have not been destroyed, although it is a national security situation.
Currently a warehouse, the delegation itself of the PGR in Sinaloa and military installations guarding the substances as ammonia, hydrochloric acid, tartaric acid, ethyl phenyl acetate, liquid or solid methamphetamine, also known as crystal , caustic soda, mercury and aluminum, among other chemicals.
Workers at the company said that the winery is one thousand square meters, while the PGR shields in its delegation, in a space of 400 meters, packages and thousands of liters of chemicals.
Civil Protection advice Sinaloa say the lack of air conditioning and ventilation has caused gases and chemicals containers can explode at any moment.
Quick System Employees indicate that they should PGR seven million dollars for eight months and the Administrative Office and the Deputy Regional Control of Criminal Procedure and Amparo told that administrative procedures “are so time-consuming.”
Workers exposed to this company are no longer willing to risk his life because “they owe the pattern, we do not get paid salary risk, animals that use chemicals to lower die right away, because the area where vehicles are not covered, and no way to transfer and without economic incentives cannot work. “
Public health problem
To date, the only federal authority that has been made to ensure jobs and slow production of synthetic drugs and substances that are used for this report is the Army.
Sinaloa currently holds second place in the states of northern country with the highest number of car thefts with violence, the third in number of murders linked to organized crime and proliferation of narcolaboratorios second, which has generated a serious public health problem because it pollutes rivers and groundwater because the criminals pulling the chemical waste, which kills dozens of cattle and other livestock and wild animals and farm.
According to the Army, with the change in the operation of organized crime to higher revenues for transfer of synthetic drugs has found that criminal organizations are making their own precursors for the manufacture of methamphetamine and crystal, generating the first time consumed a high addiction and lead to death of people and animals that become contaminated with the chemicals they survive only two to three years.
The Army has found that criminal organizations are developing two precursors themselves without having to import: phenyl acetic acid and methylamine.
Culiacan leads the first in the state with the largest number of labs found, followed Mocorito, Cosalá third, and fourth Badiraguato, although clandestine laboratories were found in nine of 18 municipalities.
Chemicals used by organized crime for the manufacture of synthetic drugs are as dangerous as radioactivity, as only to remain within 50 meters of the deposits cause respiratory distress, central nervous system damage, eye problems and mucous and is related to cancer diagnoses.
There is a substance called red phosphorus practically eats and destroys vital organs.
The PGR has a record of 12 of the “narco cooks,” who are responsible for the development of drug-intoxicated have died from contact with these substances, in which cases have been opened preliminary investigations. These people do not live more than two years from having contact with the chemical precursors, as it affects your airways.
Sinaloa is a state that has historically been positioned as an entity producing drugs, specifically opium poppy and marijuana, or drugs called organic. However, criminal organizations have mutated their activity by the synthetic drugs for higher profits and the ease of transportation.
The commander of the Ninth Military Zone, Brigadier General Marco Antonio Covarrubias Aguilar, states that “from 2007 to the current year, yes, indeed, have soared so-called clandestine laboratories producing methamphetamine, whose inputs are more advantageous for them to obtain higher profits than a plantation of marijuana or opium harvested after three months.”
He adds that “in these clandestine laboratories that called crystal and that develop around a week, i.e. the input to produce methamphetamine find it profitable and easier to transport to market and indeed the state of Sinaloa is a state where they are driving in that order of activity with major impact.”
According to specialists from the Army, for the manufacture of synthetic drugs and precursor chemicals used substances such as mercury, aluminum, hydrochloric acid, tartaric acid, ethyl phenyl acetate, methamphetamine liquid caustic soda, phenyl acetic acid, methylamine and two phenyl propanone.
Criminal organizations use washing machines and dryers for the finished product, but also buy large quantities of aluminum foil, same as crushed to produce the drug.
Proceeds from the sale of synthetic drugs far exceed the price of drugs called organic, for example, while a kilo of marijuana is priced at 71 dollars, the crystal reaches the same amount 42 000 301 U.S. dollars. While a kilo of grass is obtained 834 cigarettes, one kilo of crystal you get three thousand doses.
Brigadier General Marco Antonio Covarrubias Aguilar states that “sometimes we localized citizen complaint, we must be clear, we have located in the daily work of staff in the walking, sometimes with aerial surveys, sometimes by the complaint direct people to report the damage they are causing to the health of the individual, the environment, the habitat in the ecological environment which is already resulting damage.”
In one of the insured narcolaboratorios it was observed that squirrels, voles and birds, among others, were killed in a radius of 50 meters.
General Covarrubias Aguilar notes that “during the rains now we realize that the laboratories placed on dry riverbeds and now with all that water produces a harmful effect we do not know where you are going to stop.”