From 2007 to 2010, Mexico has quintupled the possibility of being killed and tripled the risk of being kidnapped, according to the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (IMCO).
“Mexico has a problem. A serious problem is not drug trafficking or organized crime, and institutional weakness. It is the incontrovertible fact that more and more people are growing increasingly insecure areas of the country,” said.
These findings are in the report, “The endless spiral:” how Mexico became a violent country and how to stop being published in the International Competitiveness Index 2011.
The text noted that there are very few precedents for a country that in the absence of war, has experienced such rapid expansion and various forms of violent crime in so little time.
The IMCO said that by 2010, the trajectory of homicides increased fivefold compared to 2007.
“Increasing the number of homicides between 2007 and 2010 has been greater than that experienced by Colombia in the early years of the war against Pablo Escobar,” explained the school.
The report noted that the Office of the President calls “criminal deaths rivalry” killings linked to organizational crime. where ” a cumulative increase of 440%. This explains 80% of the increase in the number of victims of homicide.”
Now, he said, the phenomenon of violence does not register the same virulence throughout the country, as there is a period of regional concentration.
Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Guerrero, Baja California, Durango and Tamaulipas represent over two thirds of deaths from criminal rivalry.
In addition to 20 municipalities account for almost half of the victims and the municipality of Ciudad Juarez alone has seen nearly a fifth of all such killings, said the IMCO.
The report prepared by Alexander Hope, director of the joint Less crime, less punishment of IMCO and Mexico Evaluates, said the number of reported kidnappings increased from 438 in 2007 to 262 thousand in 2010, up 188%.
He added that the allegations of extortion have increased and auto theft increased 40% in the period, where a large part has resulted from armed robbery.
The report noted that five measures in the government of President Felipe Calderon could raise the levels of violence in the country, including the massive deployment of federal forces and the “decapitation” of criminal organizations.
Just as the increase in the number of agencies involved in combating drug trafficking, maritime and air interdiction and stronger increase in the number of extraditions to the United States.
“The government’s more aggressive prosecution of cartels may have been the catalyst for an extraordinary increase in the number of homicides in the second quarter of 2008. From that point, it is likely that the violence has fed itself” he said.
In the report a number of recommendations are made, to enhance crime prevention measures, such as:
To reduce the number of homicides, especially multiple night could close some streets to vehicular traffic in areas that concentrate potential targets (bars or nightclubs).
To reduce theft of vehicles, the government could cover a subset of vehicles (the five most stolen models, for example) with a certain “bumper to bumper” that would allow an agency owners get a stolen piece. This would decrease the demand for illegal parts and, therefore, theft of vehicles for purposes of burglary.