MEXICO CITY, November 20 .- The United States should legalize drug use in its territory, if you really want to financially strangle the Mexican cartels, according to one of the think tanks most influential of the American Union.
According to the Cato Institute, Washington, 40 years of the war on drugs, the results show that you cannot defy the laws of the market, giving a product banned-drugs-a premium of 90% or more.
The proposal, signed by the investigator Ted Galen Carpenter, believes that the current U.S. strategy “is fatally flawed, and the insistence to continue with it is causing serious problems of corruption and violence to a key source of drug supplies as Mexico “.
The drug makes a profit every year of around 320 billion dollars and, in our country has left about 42 000 dead so only so far in this administration.
The document suggests putting an end to the global war on drugs, states that Mexican cartels are now taking control in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and Europe.
The legislation has been championed by several voices, in Mexico and elsewhere. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, just endorse the idea.
They see failure in fight against drugs
The only sustainable strategy to confront the dangerous Mexican drug cartels is punishing their income from criminal industry which each year generates 320 billion dollars and legalizing drug consumption in the U.S., the world’s largest market for illegal drugs.
That was the proposal unveiled by Ted Galen Carpenter, an expert in defense and foreign policy at the Cato Institute, a leading private research center based in Washington, through his analysis and the conference entitled “Putting an end to the global war on drugs (Ending the Global War on Drugs). “
The document highlights that at 40 years of the war on drugs the results show, again and again, you cannot defy the laws of the market that give a prohibited merchandise, such as drugs, a premium of 90 percent or even more.
“It’s a fatally flawed strategy, and Washington’s insistence to continue with it is causing serious problems of corruption and violence to a key source of drug supply and transit of drugs such as Mexico,” Carpenter wrote.
In fact, begins his analysis by saying that since President Felipe Calderon launched in December 2006, its military offensive against the powerful Mexican cartels, some 42 thousand people have lost their lives.
“The victims of the increasingly chaotic and violent drug war in Mexico, belong to all social strata,” he says.
And realize the increased consumption of cocaine recognized by United Nations ( Report of the International Narcotics Board for 2007 ) in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, former Soviet countries, and states that the Mexican cartels are now taking control of the trafficking routes and gaining access to potential markets in portions of sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and Europe.
“The drug organizations have and exercise the supreme instrument of corruption: money. Because, the drug trade provides access to almost unimaginable amounts of resources. Moreover, there is so widely available input, so cheap to produce and as easily renewable as illegal drugs that offer dazzling profit margins and give criminal illegal income such that no historical precedent, “he adds.
A reality so brutal, he says, where the ban moves a product trade secret, creates an enormous potential for profits in the black market and attracts criminal elements prone to violence.
“The drug gangs have become bold enough to become the target of attacks on prominent political leaders as Rodolfo Torre Cantú,” which was the overwhelming favorite to win the PRI governor of Tamaulipas. Or to commit the kidnapping of Diego Fernandez de Cevallos, who defined it as a character in the importance of an Al Gore in the Mexican political scene.
On the danger and significance of the Mexican cartels, Carpenter put the emphasis on the power of their high income to corrupt American officials, trying to infiltrate the army of that country, committing killings, even within U.S. territory or to offer a million dollars for the head of the Arizona sheriff Joe Arpaio.
Carpenter also highlights the disillusionment of the war on drugs and came to Mexico’s political elite.
“The task facing the Calderon administration and its allies in Washington is not only defeat two cartels (Cali and Medellin) as with the challenge of Colombia, but many powerful organizations to defeat”, he says.
Colombia supported the legalization of cocaine
Legalize certain drugs, including cocaine, was the proposal that President Juan Manuel Santos, Colombia, recently made the world public opinion through the British newspaper The Guardian .
The first call of a representative office, which also originates from the first producer of cocaine in the world, stressed the need to “eliminate profit violent drug trafficking … and if that means legalize it, and the world believes that’s the solution, I welcome you. I do not object, “Santos said Jamie Doward of the English newspaper.
“Or not so buried, because the Mexican gangs prefer littering the roads with their victims in the border towns with the United States, or hung from bridges to serve as a warning,” said Santos also the English Sunday The Observer .
Former presidents of Mexico, Ernesto Zedillo, of Colombia, Cesar Gaviria, of Brazil, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, and this year the former Mexican President Vicente Fox have also recommended the legalization of some drugs.
But the article said that Santos Doward said that the initiative would work only if coordinated internationally, and then stressed “the vital role that Britain, the United States and European Union have to shape the debate.”
For the Colombian president highlighted the contradictions in U.S. markets such as where California already legalized marijuana for medicinal uses, while the state of Idaho continues to criminalize the use of cocaine.