In Mexico, the dispute over control of the territories being waged between eight drug cartels
operating throughout the country have consolidated their expansion projects and organized their cartels into a transnational presence and partnerships with local criminal groups from Canada to Brazil covering 16 countries in the Western hemisphere.
Though the fight against drug trafficking undertaken by the Calderon government, in which 22 of the 37 most wanted leaders and operators have been detained-from March 2009 until today.
In recent years the eight Mexican cartels consolidated their internationalization presence. In a report by the PGR updated to August this year, reveals that Mexican transnational organizations have partnerships operating in 16 countries in the hemisphere .
“El Chapo”, with the largest or the Sinaloa cartel Pacific, led by Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, has hegemony. Until now has expanded its presence to 13 countries on the continent: Canada, United States, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina and Venezuela.
The closest competitors of the organization “El Chapo “are Gulf cartel and” Zetas “(formerly antagonistic allies and today), operating in a total of nine nations, as documented by the Mexican federal government sharing intelligence with the authorities in these countries.
Both groups are in the United States, Guatemala, El Salvador, Panama, Colombia and Bolivia, seeking to control territory. It has also documented the presence of “Los Zetas” in Honduras, Argentina and Brazil, while their rivals now Gulf cartel operating in Belize, Costa Rica and Peru.
The other criminal groups also have operations in some of these nations, but not at the same level. For example, the once powerful as the Arellano Felix cartel, is present only in the United States and Peru, while Juarez is on American soil, maintaining its alliances in Colombia, as well as Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, and has Argentina reached.
In this drug map, the recent criminal group “The Knights Templar“, which grew out of “The Family” in 2011, in just one year operates in the U.S., while the group from which emanated Michoacan has ramifications on U.S. soil, Colombia, Costa Rica and Guatemala.
Beltran Leyva, after separating from “El Chapo” hold its own network in the United States, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia. Colombia remains, together with Bolivia and Peru, as the epicenter of the production of cocaine.
While Ecuador and Venezuela, see how the Mexican and Colombian cartels used as transit countries, with the consequences of violence on the rise, while Chile with Argentina-seen as a haven for the supply of precursor chemicals, are used as ports output to export the drug to Africa and Europe. Brazil is the largest consumer just Latin America, but also the largest supplier of chemical inputs to process cocaine.
Bruce Bagley, director of the Center for Latin American Studies, said that Mexican cartels are in control in the Andean region and the Northern market. “There is something very clear: instead of letting traded intermediary groups (drug), they (the Mexican narcos) are already hands in the dough.”
“We had no major problems capos here, and now, we speak here of cartels and mini-posters . The crops also appear in Zulia, Tachira, Apure. ” Hernan Matute , coordinator of the Drug Free Chair of the Institute of Caracas.”
This phenomenon of ‘paid assassins’ was not observed in Argentina, becomes a worrying situation that goes together with increased drug trafficking. ” Eduardo Amadeo , deputy national Peronist Front.